Things to Know About FGM Reversal Surgery

First, you should always recognize that no surgery will completely and perfectly restore birth anatomy.  But it is always our goal to reconstruct the anatomy to as near normal as possible, AND to also relieve pain, reduce previous complications and restore function. After FGM, patients frequently complain of pain where they were cut. This is due to…

A Survivor’s Testimony

This story was told to a public audience. Names have been changed for privacy. Obamuko is a 22 year old female who was mutilated at age 7 in her home country of Nigeria.  She and her younger sister were told that the next day would be a “happy day” and that she would get candy…

Why Little Girls Die from FGM

It is estimated that 3 million girls are mutilated annually.  Of that number, 25 percent are between the ages of birth to 3 years.  Sadly, the mortality rate of this age group is 10-15 percent. That translates to 75,000 to 100,000 babies die each year due to this horrible practice. Further, there are other causes…

The Origin of FGM

This is a topic of much discussion among anthropologists and historians and the exact origin of FGM remains questionable. It is clear that FGM existed before Islam and Christianity since there have been Egyptian mummies discovered that date back to the fifth century BC that were genitally mutilated.  This is also confirmed by a Greek…

The Mental Health Risks of FGM

Female genital mutilation is the cutting or removal of healthy external female genitalia for non-medical purposes.  It is carried out by use of razor blades, knives, glass, sharpened rocks, scissors or even burning.The socio-cultural reasons for this ritual are well known and researched, but there is much more left to learn about the psychological effects and treatment. The psychological and emotional impacts are more difficult to measure…